Tag Archives: Voting

Condo Voting Ballot Signature Law

P.D. from New Haven County writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

I hope you can provide some assistance for me. I am a board member of a 50-unit condo complex. We are having our yearly meeting and will be electing board members. Is it CT law that the unit owner MUST sign their ballot?? I have lived here for 20 years and this was never done before. In other words, an owner’s vote is no longer anonymous. Our new manager insists, but I and others disagree.

Mister Condo replies:

P.D., while I see no harm in having unit owners sign their ballots, I am not aware of any law that requires them to do so. However, the act of signing the ballots would certainly go a long way in preventing voter fraud and authentication of the vote in the event of a contested election. Your documents may detail a particular method of voting that requires signatures but I do not think that is very common. I really don’t see the need or desire to protect the anonymity of a voter. Proxy votes, on the other hand, would most certainly need to be signed in order to be valid. You can ask your new manager to cite the “law” that requires ballots to be signed just for your edification. In the meantime, I wouldn’t hold up any vote in the interests of protecting voter anonymity. Votes are legal records of the association. The more documentation you can provide, the less risk there is for any unit owner to contest the outcome. All the best!

V.P. Resignation Creates Big Vacancy on Small Board

D.G. from Hartford County writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

We are a 23-unit self-managed complex, with a 3-member Board; President, Vice President and Treasurer. In September, the Vice President resigned from the Board. Can we run the Board with just the President and Treasurer until our next election?

Mister Condo replies:

D.G., you certainly can but you should look at what your governing documents say. Typically, the remaining Board members are free to appoint another unit owner to fill the vacancy for the remainder of the Board Member’s term. In a small association like yours, there is a very limited pool of resources to find the next Board Member. Chances are the two remaining members would pick someone who they would like to work with for the remainder of the term. Then, when the original term is over and the Board position is open, the appointed Board Member is free to seek election by running for the position. That would be how it is typically handled. Check your own governing documents for exact details. All the best!

Condo Unit Owner Controlling Voting Outcomes Using Proxies

B.S. from outside of Connecticut writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

Typically, our condo meetings do not have many members present. There are 14 units in our association and usually there are at least 4 votes controlled by one person. My question, is there a limit to how many votes can be cast by one owner? With such a small association it appears that one owner can easily get a vote swayed his direction by having 4 votes.

Mister Condo replies:

B.S., voting by proxy varies from state to state and association to association. You need to look at your governance documents as well as your state’s laws to see how many votes one unit owner can cast. 4 out of 14 is over 25% of all the available votes. In Connecticut, for instance, proxy voting is limited to 15% of the available votes. If your state laws or governance documents don’t limit the amount of proxies one person can hold, there may be nothing to prevent such activity. Of course, you can always rally the other unit owners to attend the meetings and cast their votes. That is true democracy in action. Good luck!

Deceased Majority Condo Unit Owner Creates Governance Issues

P.D. from Texas writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

We have 116 townhome units that fall under the Texas HOA Condo law, and 50 of those units were bought out years ago by a gentleman who has since died. His estate is tied up in court and with the IRS because he didn’t have a will (I know RIGHT)? Anyway, for years his ‘property management’ lady that rents and lives on property is always using her 50 votes to tilt outcomes in her favor.  

We are hoping one day if we take it to court and have a judge look at the unequal leverage that one person holds over us that isn’t even a homeowner, we are hoping that could change or that a judge would see it as not a true democracy. 

Wondering if you could give us any advice? We don’t get a full turn out of homeowners because many are elderly on our property, and she single handedly runs the show/votes/outcomes on how she wants it to happen (and even voting HERSELF on the board!) 

Thanks so much for all you do for us in sharing your knowledge 🙂

Mister Condo replies:

P.D., I am sorry that your association finds itself in such a predicament. The “property management lady” you refer to must have some arrangement/authority for the deceased seeing as she is living in one of his units and managing the others. You should look at your by-laws and even state law on the number of votes any one single unit owner can cast. Some limit to a percentage (15% of total votes cast, for instance), others limit to a set number of votes. If that is the case, you can simply impose those limits on here the next time there is a vote. The reality is that you have a single unit owner who owns almost half of all of the units. I would not personally wish to live in a condo with that kind of single ownership ratio because, as you can see, this can create exactly the kind of problems you are dealing with. What if all 50 units stopped paying common fees? What if the association had to take adverse possession (foreclosure action) against the deceased’s estate? The legal fees and glut of units could create a hardship for the other unit owners. You should really be thankful that the association doesn’t have far larger problems than what you have described.My advice is to speak with a locally qualified attorney who specializes in community association law. You can find a list of such attorneys by clicking on https://www.caionline.org/Chapters/Pages/Chapter-Listing.aspx#TXand finding the CAI Chapter that services your part of Texas. Austin, Dallas/Fort Wort, Greater Houston, and San Antonio all feature many qualified attorneys who can guide your association through the proper steps to regain control of your association.Keep in mind that there may be little the association can do. After all, even though he is deceased, his estate still controls 50 of the 116 units in your association. The right to vote is part of what you purchase when you buy a condominium. You are a shareholder in a corporation and you most certainly have a right to vote. I wouldn’t easily give up my right any easier than you would. Good luck!

Problems Galore for this Condo Owner

M.S. from outside of Connecticut writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

Where I live has had nothing but issues for years with the Home Owner’s Association and the Management Companies they’ve hired! We now have a new Management Company that is well-known and established, but it appears many things are still not being conducted financially correct for our Association! The last team we had was caught embezzling, that’s right both Home Owner’s Association Board Member and Management Company. They settled! But that didn’t help the problems of twenty years of disrepair! One said person that was on the “Home Owner’s is actually still on the board, and is a Broker! How he kept his license I’ll never know, but what gets me the most, do the homeowners think this person has changed his stripes? We also have a “Security Guard” that’s been here for over twenty-five years! Yes, the very same one! He doesn’t follow the by-laws, he knew all about the embezzlement, doesn’t do a thing to protect this property, but the residents that have lived here the longest feel a kinship to him!?#/! You want someone that’s trustable, dependable, reliable, most definitely follows the by-laws of the Association!  Our pools are to close at 11pm, open at 7am, that’s never happened in the 17 years that I’ve been here! If the Security even locks up at night, it’s somewhere after between 11:30 forward, and opens the gates anywhere after 2:00am through 3:30am! Depends on his last drive by. This Security Guard actually went almost a year without locking our pool’s!  I guess he wanted to see how long he could get away without doing anything! He’s still here! Don’t most Association change Security Company’s every, at least five years? We have 400 units… (Editor’s note, this question has been shortened) What can we do?

Mister Condo replies:

M.S., I am sorry that living in this community association has given rise to so many problems for you. I had to truncate your letter because it got far too specific with details and complaints that I couldn’t possibly address them all. Let me say this to try and give you some closure on what you have seen transpire and how you might better enjoy the experience moving forward. Volunteer leaders are democratically elected from within your very community to serve on the Board and conduct the business of the association as outlined in your community governance documents. They don’t always behave as you would like and you have the power to vote them out of office every year at your Annual Meeting. Wrongdoing, such as stealing or embezzlement is a special situation and it sounds like the association took proper action against the offenders. Agreeing to settle was their prerogative. Hiring a security company and maintaining the contract for many years is also their decision. Almost every complaint you had against the association came from you not agreeing with how they run the association. Unless other unit owners agree with you and elect different leaders, nothing will change. The management company works for the Board. Changing companies will not change the results. All communities are different by the nature of who lives there and who makes up the Board. If the Board where you live is lack in their duties and the association continues to return them to office, then it is fair to say that they are doing the business of the community as the community would like it. Have you ever run for the Board? Have you ever discussed the shortcomings of the Board to other unit owners to see if they share your concerns? That would be the only way to effect any change at your association. Short of that, your only other real option would be to sell and move into an association that has a reputation for stricter enforcement of its covenants. I think that would make you the happiest. Good luck!

How Many Condo Meeting Proxy Votes Can One Person Have?

B.S. from outside of Connecticut writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

How many proxy votes can one person vote?

Mister Condo replies:

B.S., proxy votes are quite common and many associations rely on folks voting by proxy in order for the association to conduct its business. That being said, every association is subject to its own rules on proxy voting as well as any state laws that outline the rules for proxy voting. Without seeing you governance documents, I can’t give you a useful answer as to the exact procedures at your association. You will need to review the documents to see what it says about proxy voting. Additionally, I can’t tell you what your state laws may or may not say on the subject, so you may need to consult with an attorney who specializes in community association law in your state for an opinion on what the state laws say about proxy voting in your state. I have answered a similar question for another reader and I include a bit on how it works in my home state of Connecticut. You can read more about it here: http://askmistercondo.com/how-many-condo-proxy-votes-can-one-person-make/

All the best!

Condo Unit Owner of Record has the Voting Privileges

L.S. from New Haven writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

When a unit owner turns ownership of their unit to a son or daughter but still lives there with life use. Who gets to vote on budgets or elections for that unit, the owner or the person still living there under life use?

Mister Condo replies:

L.S., typically the unit owner is the one who holds the power to vote. You need to look at the association’s governance documents for further qualification but most would state that the vote is assigned to the unit owner of record. It is also possible for the unit owner (son or daughter, in this case) to give proxy to the resident to vote. It is really at the discretion of the unit owner of record at the time any vote is taken. All the best!

How Too Many Non-Resident Unit Owners in a Condo Association Changes Everything

E.C. from Litchfield County writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

The same people who established the condominium in which I live still control it. Though units were first sold in 1990, one of the developers maintains 15 of the 130 units. This block of condo units represents 15 votes, which when added to condo units controlled by their friends on the board, leads to a lot of apparent financial shenanigans and bullying of owners who simply want a little transparency. About 70% of the owners currently rent out their units, mainly because they hate the way this place is run. Those of us who are left living here cannot seem to oust the trouble-making board, nor win the support of the non-resident owners who are generally apathetic, now that they’re gone and have a paying tenant to cover their costs. Many resident owners, however, are either angry, stressed, depressed, chronically ill, demoralized, etc. as a direct result of feeling powerless to do anything about their maltreatment by the current board, which has both directly and indirectly ruled the roost since the beginning. This is one miserable place. We have turned to lawyers and they say get a petition together to call a special meeting and vote the board out. This is not possible, given the apathy of so many non-resident owners — many of whom also fear retaliation by certain board members and their property management company, which has been with them from the very start. The resident owners who really care about reform — and who have been suffering physical and emotional harm — have already been burned by one attorney who proved incompetent, so we are wondering if a class action lawsuit might be a viable avenue for us. We would let the attorney have all the winnings. We just want to see some justice done after all these years.

Mister Condo replies:

E.C., I am sorry for your situation. Associations that are largely under developer control even after the developer transition period is over can be tricky. Associations with large percentages of rental units come with their own problems. You have a double whammy at your association. Your best bet is increasing the numbers of resident owners who are willing to volunteer and serve on the Board if elected. As long as the resident owners are the minority, nothing will change, in my opinion. At their core, condo associations are democracies. The people with the most votes are the ones who govern the association. As long as those people are not resident owners, I don’t see much motivation for them to change how they govern. You indicate that this behavior has been going on for years. If it were me, I would have sold my unit by now. Unless you see the pendulum swinging towards more resident owners, I would encourage you and anyone else who is unhappy there to consider moving out. You can contact an attorney to see if you have a case but I haven’t heard of anything you’ve mentioned as being a valid reason for a lawsuit. Please keep in mind that I am not an attorney so my advice is strictly friendly. For a legal opinion, you will need to seek out the services of an attorney who could better guide you legally. Good luck!

This Condo Has it All! Renters, Roaches, Broken Trash Chutes…

S.M. from Miami writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

I live in a condo in Miami and we have the most incompetent Board. The building is self-managed and we currently are under a lot of problems, like roach infestation, water leaks, building trash chute compartment broken and trash coming out of the compartment. The building runs more like an AirBnB. The rental ratio is at 61% and we have no support since there’s so many investors. Please advise, I have approached the Florida Department but they don’t intervene in situations like this.

Mister Condo replies:

S.M., it sounds like your association has really gotten away from what unit owners like you were expecting. Whether the Board is incompetent or not, without rental caps (the percentage of units allowed to be rented at any given time), I am not surprised to hear of so many rental units being used in AirBnB fashion. First things first. The Association is governed by volunteer leaders elected by the membership. If these leaders aren’t making sure that the problems are being addressed (water leaks, roaches, broken trash chutes) then it is time to elect new leaders. You may be able to bring suit against the association for not maintaining itself but that can be costly and still not yield any real results. If it were me, I would consider running for the Board myself on a platform of restoring the association to good working order. If that seems unreasonable, I would consider selling. It seems there is no shortage of investors looking to purchase into this association. I would look carefully at the next association I purchased into. Hopefully, the percentage of investment units would be far lower and the Board would do a better job of maintaining the common elements. Good luck!

Validity of Condo Proxy Vote Process Questioned

J.B. from outside of Connecticut writes:

Dear Mister Condo,

I received a proxy for election of the condo board. Seven positions. Eight names with no blank spaces. Seven for re-election. One new. In a conversation with a current board member she told me that the eighth name did not want to be on the board, but a different person did. Asked the management company, without success, how members are elected? Simple majority? A percentage needed? Quorum needed? What happens to the votes cast by proxy of the owner not wishing to be on the board? Does this not disenfranchise the owner wishing to run? Answer I received “You can cast your vote anyway you wish”. Is this proxy election valid?

Mister Condo replies:

J.B., without knowing the rules for proxy voting for your state and how your declaration, covenant, rules and regulations read, I can’t give you a definitive answer. Proxies are handled differently and can vary from association to association. I will say that the spirit of the proxy looks to be intact. It is up to you to look up your association’s rules on proxy voting to see if the rules were followed. Typically, candidates are either nominated or self-nominated in advance of the Annual Meeting where the election vote is held. A nominated candidate who wishes not to server can most certainly remove themselves from the ballot. If there were no other properly nominated candidates, it would follow that there would be a vacant slot for the seat running without a nominated candidate. It would also follow that you could write in whoever you would like although there is no guarantee that your write-in candidate would win or even choose to serve if elected. Typically, the elected Board members have the right to appoint a director to fill a vacancy until the next election. Whether or not the proxy is valid may be moot if there were only seven candidates for eight offices. I would encourage any interested candidates to let their intention be known to the Board and that they run for office during the next election cycle. All the best!